Big Bang Theory of Cosmology Threatened by New Plasma Cosmology Theory
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Hubble’s Expanding Universe
A century ago, astronomers believed the universe was comprised of the Milky Way only. Einstein wanted to explain the universe, and in developing the General Theory of Relativity, found that his equations did not allow for a static, or what is also referred to as a steady state universe, unless he inserted a gravitational constant which became known as the cosmological constant. Shortly after Einstein published his theories, a Russian mathematician, named Aleksandr Friedmann, found solutions to Einstein’s equations that allowed for an expanding or contracting universe, but his work went unknown in the West. A few years later, a priest, named Lemaitre also found the same solutions and then, by the mid-twenties, the astronomer, Edwin Hubble, observed the red shift of galaxies, and in doing so, concluded that Friedmann and Lemaitre were correct. Therefore, by the 1930’s, the media reported that we live in an expanding universe.
What the Discovery of Quasars Revealed
Since this time, however, with improvements in optical telescopes and the advent of radio telescopes, astronomers have made galactic observations which don’t support the Big Bang model of the universe. When quasars were discovered in the 1960’s, they had properties which were difficult to explain by the expanding universe theory in that they didn’t follow Hubble’s law as did other objects that were observable. When it came to quasars, it was initially postulated they were the most distant objects in the galaxy until further observation revealed quasars as being part of much closer galaxies; the conclusion being that quasars were not at their proposed red shift distances. This problem has led many astronomers to abandon the idea that all red shifts are due to their speed of recession away from the Earth. If so, there is no need for an expanding universe, meaning the Big Bang never happened.
What Galaxy NGC 7603 Has Revealed
Galaxy NGC 7603, referred to by astronomers as a peculiar galaxy, was discovered about 30 years ago, and is striking in that two quasars are embedded in a connecting filament between the parent galaxy and its smaller companion. The widely respected optical astronomer, Margaret Burbidge, has studied this galaxy, and spent many years bringing it to the attention of other astronomers. The red shift of the parent galaxy, the companion galaxy, and the two quasars are different to each other, and this threw the notion that the red shift proved the universe was expanding into disarray. Galaxy NGC 3516 is a galaxy with quasar fields in which quasars appear to have been ejected from the galactic centre. This galaxy further dampens the enthusiasm for an expanding universe. Galaxy 4319 is another peculiar galaxy which goes unexplained in terms of the Big Bang theory.
Plasma Cosmology – A New Theory
There is now an alternative theory, referred to as Plasma Cosmology. It has been found that 99.999% of all observable matter in the universe is matter in the plasma state. A plasma is an ionized gas; a gas consisting of charged particles rather than neutral ones. A plasma contains both negatively charged and positively charged particles in isolation, rather than as part of an atom.. Plasmas are also found in electromagnetics. Eric Lerner, author of The Big Bang Never Happened, points out that the Big Bang theory starts from mathematical formula deductions that begin with the initial Big Bang explosion and attempt to explain or predict forward from that time. It uses the same mathematical process of deduction that led to the Ptolemaic universe 2,000 years ago. What these theories have in common is that they try to derive what should be the universe based on what perfect principles and framework can be developed, and then attempt to fit the universe into the framework.
It has been found. however, that certain observations don’t fit the framework of the Big Bang theory, but such observations can be explained by Plasma Cosmology – the Electric Universe – a universe that has no beginning or end. In a plasma universe, there is coherence between what we can understand in the here and now, and what we can understand in the rest of the universe. The universe of Big Bang cosmology and the universe of Plasma Cosmology are very different universes with very different implications, and they cohere with very different ideologies of what is happening both on the Earth, and in the universe itself.
The following documentary is actually 2 documentaries combined. In the first documentary, the problems inherent in the Big Bang theory are discussed, and the second documentary discusses plasma and Plasma Cosmology. There is a 10-15 minute period in the second documentary where a foreign geophysicist speaks intermittently in his own language, however, an English interpretation of his words follows through speakers such as Eric Lerner.Tags: Big Bang, Electric Universe, Plasma Universe